You can help lower your risk for heart disease by doing the following:
• Control your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
• Be physically active for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.
• Reach and stay at a healthy weight
• Eat foods high in fiber and low in fat.
• Stop smoking
• Take medications as directed by your health care provider
Diabetes Damages Nerves
Diabetes is a leading cause of nerve damage. About half of all people with diabetes
have some form of nerve damage. Nerve damage is also called neuropathy. It can
cause tingling, pain, or numbness in your feet
and hands. It can also affect the nerves in
your body that control your digestive system,
urinary tract, sex organs, heart and blood
vessels, sweat glands and eyes. Keeping your
blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol
levels in your target range can help prevent
or delay nerve damage and other problems.
Diabetes Damages Kidneys
Your kidneys have millions of filters that
remove waste from your blood. These filters
keep protein in the blood. High blood glucose
can damage these filters. When kidney
disease starts, the filters in the kidneys do not
work well. This causes protein to pass into
the urine. Having protein in the urine is called
albuminuria. You cannot see or feel this, but
your health care provider can test your urine
for it. Without treatment, the kidneys will get
worse. Once this happens, the kidneys have a
harder time controlling the body’s fluid levels.
This can cause high blood pressure or make
high blood pressure worse. When the kidneys
do not work, a machine can be used to filter
waste from the blood through a process
Things you can do to help
prevent kidney disease:
• Visit your health care provider regularly.
Get screened for kidney disease to catch
problems early. Your health care provider
can check your blood pressure, urine (for
protein), and blood (for waste products).
• Follow your health care provider’s advice.
Sometimes exercise, changes to your diet,
and medicine can help keep your kidneys
• Keep your blood glucose under control.
• Keep your blood pressure at goal. High
blood pressure can lead to kidney disease
or make it worse.
• Lose weight, if you are overweight
• Consume less salt
• Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking
• Be active every day. Talk to your health
care provider before starting any physical