Injection (shot): Using a needle and syringe
to put liquid medications into the body.
Insulin: A hormone produced by the pancreas
that enables glucose to enter most cells.
Insulin resistance: A condition in which most
cells do not respond properly to insulin.
LDL: Low-density lipoprotein, the “bad” type of
Lancet: A device that uses a tiny needle
to prick the skin for a drop of blood.
Lipids: Fatlike substances in the blood.
Liver: An organ that stores and releases
glucose when needed.
Microalbumin: A test that checks for small
amounts of protein in the urine.
Nephropathy: Damage to the kidneys.
Neuropathy: Damage to the nerves.
Nerves: Fibers that convey signals to and
from the brain.
Pancreas: An organ that makes insulin and
releases it into the bloodstream.
Pedometer: A device worn on the body that
counts how many steps are taken.
Periodontal disease: Infection of gum tissue. Also
called gum disease.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD): Damage
to the arteries that supply blood to the
legs and feet.
Plaque: Fatty deposits that build up inside
arteries and reduce blood flow.
Podiatrist: A doctor who specializes in foot care.
Registered dietitian: An expert in food
Retinopathy: An eye disease that leads to
damage of blood vessels in the eyes.
Saturated fat: A type of fat that comes
Stroke: A condition in which blood flow to
the brain is cut off due to blockage or a torn
Syringe: A device that uses a small needle to inject
liquid medications into the body.
Target range: The level of blood glucose a patient
is told to aim for as often as possible.
Trans fat: Fat produced when liquid oil is
made into a solid fat.
Triglycerides: Building blocks of fats.
Type 1 diabetes: A chronic condition in which the
pancreas cannot produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: A chronic condition in which
most cells are resistant to insulin and/or the
pancreas may not produce enough insulin.
Vaginal dryness: Reduced amount of moisture in