61 Injection (shot): Using a needle and syringe to put liquid medications into the body. Insulin: A hormone produced by the pancreas that enables glucose to enter most cells. Insulin resistance: A condition in which most cells do not respond properly to insulin. LDL: Low-density lipoprotein, the “bad” type of cholesterol. Lancet: A device that uses a tiny needle to prick the skin for a drop of blood. Lipids: Fatlike substances in the blood. Liver: An organ that stores and releases glucose when needed. Microalbumin: A test that checks for small amounts of protein in the urine. Nephropathy: Damage to the kidneys. Neuropathy: Damage to the nerves. Nerves: Fibers that convey signals to and from the brain. Pancreas: An organ that makes insulin and releases it into the bloodstream. Pedometer: A device worn on the body that counts how many steps are taken. Periodontal disease: Infection of gum tissue. Also called gum disease. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD): Damage to the arteries that supply blood to the legs and feet. Plaque: Fatty deposits that build up inside arteries and reduce blood flow. Podiatrist: A doctor who specializes in foot care. Registered dietitian: An expert in food and nutrition. Retinopathy: An eye disease that leads to damage of blood vessels in the eyes. Saturated fat: A type of fat that comes from animals. Stroke: A condition in which blood flow to the brain is cut off due to blockage or a torn blood vessel. Syringe: A device that uses a small needle to inject liquid medications into the body. Target range: The level of blood glucose a patient is told to aim for as often as possible. Trans fat: Fat produced when liquid oil is made into a solid fat. Triglycerides: Building blocks of fats. Type 1 diabetes: A chronic condition in which the pancreas cannot produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes: A chronic condition in which most cells are resistant to insulin and/or the pancreas may not produce enough insulin. Vaginal dryness: Reduced amount of moisture in the vagina.
Living Well with Diabetes
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